Non-market values

Assessing the Cost-effectiveness of Woodlands in the Abatement of Carbon Dioxide Emissions

This study assesses the cost-effectiveness of a range of woodland types across England, Scotland and Wales in removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.  The study uses two measures of cost-effectiveness: a physical measure (cost per tonne of CO2 removed) and a value measure (comparing the cost against the value of the CO2 removed).  The study develops a "marginal abatement cost curve" which shows how much CO2 removal can be achieved through planting new woodlands for a given cost.  Cost-effectiveness is considered over two time horizons: first, to 2050 and, second, to 2200.  The analysis takes account of the benefits of storing carbon in wood products and of substituting wood for more carbon-intensive product and fuels.

Assessing the Wider Benefits of the Woodland Carbon Code

This study identifies and measures the wider social, environmental and local economic benefits of Woodland Carbon Code projects in the UK, also referred to as ‘co-benefits’. The need to assess the co-benefits or wider effects of carbon emissions reduction strategies is highlighted in the Paris Climate Change agreement. It aims to provide evidence on how action to tackle climate change can help deliver other policy objectives. 

Comparing and Valuing the Impacts of Oak Processionary Moth in the Netherlands to England

This study was carried out for the Forestry Commission by SRUC.  It assesses data, literature, management approaches and governance frameworks on Oak Processionary Moth (OPM) in the Netherlands, where OPM is wide-spread,  and considers potential implications for England.  The study reviews available literature from both countries and considers potential implications for a wider outbreak in London.  It examines impacts, primarily in terms of management costs and health care costs in the context of the Dutch risk-based approach to managing OPM.      

Economic Benefits of Accessible Green Spaces for Physical and Mental Health: Scoping Study

The scoping study investigates the economic benefits, in terms of physical and mental health, of changes in the provision of accessible greenspace. The study reviews existing research evidence and methodologies, and sets out proposals for subsequent research.

Estimating Arrival Numbers and Values for Informal Recreational Use of British Woodlands

This report encompasses two interlinked research projects. The first of these investigates the potential for generating transferable models for predicting visitor arrival numbers at woodland recreation sites across Great Britain. The second project sets out to estimate transferable monetary assessments of the value of such woodland visits through a meta-analysis of previous valuation studies.

Feasibility Study for the Valuation of Forest Biodiversity

Biodiversity provides the fundamental underpinning for ecosystem functioning - such as biomass production, litter decomposition, pest control, and pollination – along with the resulting ecosystem services that provide benefits to society, such as timber, climate regulation, recreation and wildlife conservation. This report considers how the value of biodiversity can be accounted for in economic analyses that support forest management and policy decisions. It reviews the role of biodiversity values in forestry policy and management decisions and provides recommendations for addressing evidence gaps.

Feasibility Study for the Valuation of Forest Biodiversity Infographic

Infographic supporting Feasibility Study for the Valuation of Forest Biodiversity Final Report.

Flood Management and Woodland Creation: Southwell Case Study

JBA Consulting was commissioned to assess the flood alleviation benefits of woodland planting at an upland site in Nottinghamshire. Incorporating the impacts of woodland into hydraulic models enabled JBA to model the physical impacts of planting on flood levels and therefore to estimate the economic value of associated flood relief benefits.

Forests' Role in Tourism: Phase 1 Report

The study aims to provide information on the role of various forest characteristics and attributes ingenerating visit-related expenditures. Phase 1 of the study (to which this report relates) is a scoping study to investigate existing research,methodologies and data relevant to the terms of reference.

Forests' Role in Tourism: Phase 2 Final Report

The primary aim of this study was to quantify the economic significance of forest related tourism expenditures in England, Scotland, Wales and at the Great Britain (GB) level.

Forests' Role in Tourism: Summary Report

Ths report summarises the Forests' Role in Tourism Phase 1 and Phase 2 reports.

International Markets in Wood Products

This information note discusses how markets work to influence timber prices in Britain.