Things to consider

The costs of creating and managing woodland varies. The size of the proposed scheme, trees planted, and the purpose of woodland affect costs. Consider: 

  • design costs such as consultancy fees
  • machinery costs
  • site and/or ground preparation such as ripping, mounding and establishment of low vigour grassy turf
  • planting costs
  • cost of material such as seedlings
  • tree protection such as spiral shelter, tube and stake and tie
  • fencing such as post and wire, post and rail, rabbit proof, deer proof
  • labour 
  • maintenance and upkeep such as weed-free areas around the trees, replacements for failed trees, deer and rabbit control

Financial impact on land values

You might have concerns over the effects of planting on your land value. Trees and farming can be complementary. You can enhance the capital value of unproductive land by increasing woodland cover. However, this may depend on your circumstances.

Study into the impact of woodland creation on farm profitability

In 2010, Forestry Commission Scotland commissioned a report looking at the impact of woodland creation on farm profitability. This was to give guidance to farmers who are considering establishing woodlands.

The study helps farmers' understand the how planting woods can impact their business. It explores the cost of woodland establishment, maintenance and grants. It also covers agricultural income foregone using 'farm models'. These are based on typical farm types in their land type.

It looks at other benefits such as shelter, sporting, wood fuel and carbon sequestration, and the potential market value of woodland after 10 to 15 years.

Read the Impact of Woodland Creation on Farm Profitability report.


There's funding available to help with costs. 

Visit our 'Forestry Grant Scheme' web page to find out more.